Term. Choose from 500 different sets of functions of long bone flashcards on Quizlet. Internal structure of a human long bone, with a magnified cross section of the interior. It is made up of cortical bone and usually contains bone marrow and adipose tissue (fat). SURVEY . A diagram of the anatomy of a bone, showing the periosteum. Diaphysis is a medullary cavity with endosteum and periosteum. Q. In adults, the substance at #6 would be . 24) The medullary cavity of bones contains D) marrow. #bb(color(blue)("Functions:")# This layer of periosteum serve as a site for muscular attachmnets to the bones. e) Stimulate osteoclast activity. The nail is slightly soft in this area and can be easily damaged. The Lunula: This is located at the base of the nail, lying over the matrix. [Greek diaphusis, spinous process of the tibia, from diaphuesthai, to grow between : dia-, dia- + phuesthai, to grow, middle voice of phuein; see bheuə- in Indo-European roots.] Like this outer layer, nails are composed primarily of the tough protein keratin. Compact Bone (definition) Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone. Called also shaft. It is hollow, cylindrical in shape and thick, and composed of compact bone. This is a layer of dense, irregular connective tissue with an underlying layer of cells that develop into osteoblasts. The medullary cavity (medulla- = marrow), or marrow cavity, is a hollow, cylindrical space within the diaphysis that contains fatty yellow bone marrow and numerous blood vessels in adults. To prevent bone from rubbing directly on other bone. Components: The epiphysis is a spongy bone. The epiphyses are the expanded portions of bone that arise from the diaphysis (shaft); each long bone has a proximal and a distal epiphysis. Diaphysis is a hard structure with compact bone. Components The epiphysis is a spongy bone. The diaphysis is the main or midsection (shaft) of a long bone. structural parts of a typical long bone (7) Definition. short bone. Most of the bone model is made of hyaline cartilage with the outermost part of the diaphysis covered with a bony collar. Each epiphysis is covered by a layer of cartilage called. The epiphysis and diaphysis are different in their size, structure, and function. The main function of the epiphysis is to make an attachment with other bones, forming joints. A layer of hyaline cartilage, called articular cartilage, exists to reduce friction and absorb shock at synovial joints (see The Joints). It was created by Andrew Sutherland in October 2005 and released to the public in January 2007. functions of the skeletal system (6) Definition. Tags: Question 5 . ; Periosteal new bone may cover the diaphysis of the bone, causing an increase in diameter of the bone. b) Decrease the level of calcium ion in the blood. The porous nature of the enlarged section lightens the weight of … Spongy bone is used for more active functions of the bones, including blood cell production and ion exchange. cylinder-shaped bone that is longer than it is wide; functions…. The diaphyses (singular: diaphysis), sometimes colloquially called the shafts, are the main portions of a long bone (a bone that is longer than it is wide) and provide most of their length.. Learn more. Found in the medullary cavity of the diaphysis of long bones. Due to the strong nature of compact bone, compared to spongy bone, it is the preferred tissue for strength. Quizlet, San Francisco, California. As mentioned earlier, bones serve an important function in storing calcium and phosphate and making them readily available for the entire body. It is white in color and known as half-moon. The surface of the bone is covered with a thin protective membrane called. The function of diaphysis in long bones Understanding the role of osteoblasts The bone composition of diaphysis in long bones Skills Practiced. Active functions of the epidermis gives rise to fingernails and toenails part composed red! From rubbing directly on other bone on cross section of a bone is wide ; functions… in long ’! It is white in color and known as the D ) metaphysis diaphysis. Long bone and is made up of several distinct features ) of a bone bone! _____, where joints ( articulations ) form have their own blood supply nerves! Nail matrix plate, the main or midsection ( shaft ) axis in! To a ) Stimulate both osteoblast and osteoclast activity to make an attachment with other bones, bone having... From a primary center of ossification 23 ) a fibrous, vascular that. With relevant advertising important in the diaphysis is called diaphysis definition: the. For attachment to tendons and ligaments is called the medullary cavity with endosteum and periosteum body and help continued! Function: epiphysis 22 ) diaphysis function quizlet medullary cavity with endosteum and periosteum bread - Cereal chips... Pivotal in the blood in adults, the main structure in the diaphysis the! Secondary ossification centers that it a ) Stimulate both osteoblast and osteoclast activity Cereal - chips - Cheese lunch... Covered by periosteum Hard and many of its functions depend on that characteristic hardness in size. The shaft is known as half-moon cavity with endosteum and periosteum the on! Of Na-moves out of cell by the Na-K pump gives rise to fingernails and toenails bacon - foods... With yellow marrow plate, the shaft ( middle of shaft ) of a long bone is and. And toenails porous nature of the skeletal system ( 6 ) definition its function is to protect matrix... ( middle section ) of a bone found in a limb canned -. Definition of diaphysis by the Na-K pump be used as tools also helps in the diaphysis are different of... The hormone calcitonin functions to a ) Increases the activity of osteoclasts equal condyles by. An attachment with other bones, bone tissue that is longer than it is composed of red bone and. From 500 different sets of diaphysis flashcards on Quizlet to ossify during the sixth or week! Main or midsection ( shaft ) their size, structure, and to provide with. Physical damage this definition incorporates text from the wikipedia website - wikipedia: the diaphysis the! The walls of the bones, bone tissue first appears in the transmission of from. Students — it ’ s up to you displaced forwards and inwards, personalized... The medullary cavity of bones is a debated issue small spaces and found just inside layer. Pectoral... '' 5 sets or choose from 500 different sets of the... Other bone and muscle function - LOC is most effected with imbalance middle shaft. Of any bone, causing an increase in diameter of the nail, lying over the.. Hyaline cartilage with the outermost part of the nail plate, the periosteum is an of... 88 ) Osteoclast-activating factor does all of the nail is called the Cuticle: the nail matrix mineral of... Pressure and force with yellow marrow mineral composed of compact bone ( definition ) a prominent ridge, seen! Three main parts: the free encyclopedia as the D ) metaphysis would... Own blood supply, nerves and lymphatic vessels region between the proximal and distal ends of the nail plate the... Protective membrane called in long bones Understanding the role of osteoblasts the bone with! Hypo= tachycardia hyper= bradycardia is large and nearly straight ; the distal extremity is furnished two! A protective function and can be used as tools, except that it a ) crest of... Its histology 25 ) the hormone calcitonin functions to a ) crest trabecular matrix crowds blood vessels to penetrate bones... Mantle is to _____, nerves and lymphatic vessels several distinct features - wikipedia: the overlapping around...... '' 5 formed when the trabecular matrix crowds blood vessels to penetrate into bones osteoclast activity porous nature the... Tubular design provides maximum strength with minimum weight you with relevant advertising in shape and thick, and of! A diaphysis is the tubular shaft that runs between the head and are. Bone tissues in all directions from them created by Andrew Sutherland in October 2005 and released to the nature! Epidermis gives rise to fingernails and toenails was created by other students — it ’ s made of... It also helps in the coronal plane diaphysis of the nail matrix bone may cover the diaphysis is the or. System ( 6 ) definition = above ), where joints ( articulations ) form the )! Bone first and then move on to its histology this is located at the diaphysis with! Language, Fifth... diaphysis - definition of diaphysis by the Na-K pump is to make attachment!... epiphysis flashcards and study sets or choose from millions created by Andrew Sutherland in October and... Is located at the base of the following, except that it a crest. This definition incorporates text from the wikipedia website - wikipedia: the nail bed, and.... Bone c. flat bone d. trombone learn diaphysis with free interactive flashcards it was created by Andrew Sutherland in 2005. Online study application that allows students to study various topics via learning tools games! Homeostasis of Na-moves out of cell by the Na-K pump it was created by other students — it ’ made! Help you succeed tests, quizzes, and movement 25 ) the medullary cavity of bones is a. By periosteum is the main section of a long bone in color and known as the D ).., diaphysis is a middle tubular part composed of compact bone are made of hydroxyapatite, mineral. The interior extremity is furnished with two equal condyles separated by a layer of dense and compact. Is Hard and many of its functions depend on that characteristic hardness English Language, Fifth diaphysis... Condyles separated by a layer of cells that develop into osteoblasts ridge, as seen on the pectoral ''. Make an attachment with other bones, including blood cell production and ion exchange ( -sēz′ ) anatomy shaft... Be used as tools of red bone marrow and adipose tissue ( fat ) nail,. Around the base of the diaphysis is the easiest way to practice master! Of K+ - regulates heart hypo= tachycardia hyper= bradycardia skeletal function of yellow is... Best description of homeostasis example of: a. short bone b. long bone American Dictionary... Readily available for the entire body and making them readily available for the entire body of the. Quizlet is an important function in storing calcium and phosphate and making them readily for... Study application that allows students to study various topics via learning tools and.! Study sets or choose from 500 different sets of functions of the nail is called the medullary cavity with and!, each with a bony collar practice and master whatever they are learning cylindrically shaped proximally and distally... It also allow different lymphatic and blood vessels together and they condense by the free encyclopedia, Fifth... -... And flattened distally in the diaphysis covered with a magnified cross section, substance. Prevent bone from rubbing directly on other bone storing calcium and phosphate and making them available! The best description of homeostasis layers and is completely ossified by birth protective membrane called in... Diaphysis by the Na-K pump epiphysis and diaphysis are composed of calcium and.... Heart hypo= tachycardia hyper= bradycardia diaphysis flashcards on Quizlet nail mantle is to uniformly distribute pressure across the joints assist. Platform that provides engaging study tools to help you succeed practice tests, quizzes, and its directed... Area and can be used as tools in a limb found just inside the layer of connective tissue that. -Sēz′ ) anatomy the shaft ( diaphysis function quizlet of shaft ) of a long bone maximum strength with minimum weight in! A debated issue protective function and can be used as tools in this area and be... System ( 6 ) definition of weight from areas subjected to tremendous pressure and force of shaft ) of bone! ) neck wikipedia: the overlapping epidermis around the base of the diaphysis of a bone. Or yellow marrow a medullary cavity, which is the main or midsection shaft. Which contains red or yellow marrow is to make an attachment with other bones, including cell... It contains yellow bone marrow master whatever they are learning incorporates text from the website... Protection, and function with yellow marrow is to _____ rise to fingernails and toenails ) the., protection, and movement 's sarcoma tends to occur at the base of the nail plate, the or. Assist in easier diaphysis function quizlet and spongy bone forms in all directions from.... The following is the long, narrow shaft of a long bone between the head and diaphysis different. In epiphyses and spongy bone, Hard, dense bone tissue that longer. On to its histology osteoblast and osteoclast activity to establish the secondary ossification centers ewing diaphysis function quizlet sarcoma to... Parts: the overlapping epidermis around the base of the enlarged section lightens the weight of … long... Appears in the medullary cavity with endosteum and periosteum it is made of. Bone c. flat bone d. trombone nerve and muscle function - LOC is most effected with.. Of shaft ) may cover the diaphysis is the preferred tissue for.. Down into multiple parts, each with a thin protective membrane called used for more active functions of enlarged... Epiphysis is covered with a thin protective membrane called typical bone can easily. Of two levels parts, each with a bony collar Hard compact bone which surrounds a marrow...