(I shouldn’t have ordered two main courses ! Être and Avoir: The 2 Most Important Verbs in French If you haven’t realized it yet, these two verbs are not only perhaps the most commonly used French verbs, but they’re infinitely useful in creating French’s compound verb tenses. On this infographic, called “ La maison d’être “, you will find French verbs that require the use of ÊTRE. This French avoir ou être printable is a quick assessment or homework to help students review, master, or practice for the first time the French auxiliary verbs avoir and être in the passé composé. Avoir/Être – mixed exercises Note that all these verbs describe a kind of movement. – avoir de la chance (to be lucky). I say ‘countless” because, since many of these involve new words and slang, they can evolve or appear at any time. – avoir la bougeotte (to have wanderlust, to be unable to sit still). – avoir hâte de (can’t wait to…). That would be more than enough for most verbs, but avoir’s got to have it all! A participle is a verb form used with an auxiliary verb to form a tense, or when a … French Poem Language 44 Terms. For example:  Le magasin ne fait pas de remboursements, mais je peux vous faire un avoir. This extremely informal, slang expression is usually used to describe an object or possibly an animal, rather than a person. How old are you? We use it in many expressions like: avoir besoin de (to need) avoir envie de (to want) avoir hâte de (can’t wait to) avoir l’habitude (to be used to) avoir mal (to hurt) en avoir marre de (to be fed up with) avoir l’air (to look) avoir confiance en (to trust) (‘Trust me’, the fox said to the gingerbread man. Avoir means "to have" in most senses, including having something in one's possession and currently experiencing something. Creating the Past Participle Replace -er with é. An auxiliary is used to form other verb tenses e.g. J’ai envie de toi (I want you) is a phrase you’ll hear in a lot of French movies/TV shows, and maybe in real life, too! J’avais les yeux plus gros que le ventre. A few examples: Careful with the pronunciation of avoir. On met la clim’ ? Il a mis la table. AVOIR 1. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. But if you want to imply “saying something to each other, saying something to oneself, saying something to themselves, etc.”, you would make this a reflexive verb and conjugate it with être instead. (I think that Vlad is a vampire, but Sophie is so blinded by her love for him that she didn’t even notice he has no reflection in mirrors! (In Paris, senior citizens are allowed free Metro tickets. For example: J’ai dit de ne pas m’embêter ! Tourner un film = to shoot a movie. (We’re tired of always eating chicken – can’t we have fish tonight?). are two of the most important verbs in the French language: they can be used alone as main verbs or they can be used as auxiliary verbs to form the French compound tenses. So, it’s fine in most contexts but should probably be avoided if you’re writing a very formal letter or academic paper. Avoir droit means that you’re entitled to. Avoir verb quiz 20 Questions - Developed by: Mme Shona - Developed on: 2015-05-08 - 41,376 taken - User Rating: 3.9 of 5 - 11 votes - 85 people like it This is a quiz to determine how well you know the conjugation of the French verb Avoir. rystratton. Glidings are in everyday pronunciations of the common expression il y a: Avoir is used in a number of idiomatic expressions, many of which are translated by the English verb "to be.". For example: One cannot underestimate how essential this function is to the French language, as the equivalent is to English. ), Je me suis dit que cela ne serait pas une journée facile. Key French verbs: Avoir- Être - Aller - Faire conjugated in the present tense with a song for each to help memorise them Let’s take a look at this surprisingly diverse verb! (His forehead is hot, he might have a fever.) I am wrong 3. For the majority of French verbs, the Passé Composé is formed with the auxiliary (“helper”) verb AVOIR. My head hurts, my stomach hurts…everything hurts!). Marine will be happy – she’s got a crush on him.). (It’s hot in this room!). The past participle is the form of the verb that is equivalent to -ed in Both avoir and être can be auxiliary (helping) verbs, used in conjugating other verbs in compound tenses. This irregular verb is one of the most commonly used in the French language, along with être (to be) and faire (to do or to make). That said, it’s usually used to talk about a man, but could be used to talk about a woman as well. This phrase is a bit older and more mainstream than avoir la banane but it’s still somewhat informal and shouldn’t be used in formal or academic writing. For one thing, as you probably know already, avoir is the most common auxiliary (helping) verb in French. French verb AVOIR conjugated in all forms, with full audio, irregular highlighting, negative forms, and the English translation for all forms. Read on to see the conjugation of these two verbs, then master the difference between avoir and être as auxiliary verbs. Avoir Avoir - to have - is a verb with two roles Firstly it is a lexical verb in its own right, meaning "to have" or "to possess ". (You’re going to do great on your exam ! The good news about memorizing avoir is that you’ll use it so often that this will be easier than you might think! Avoir is the helping verb for the verb rendre. You can use this as a standalone statement: Ils ont peur. On the other end of the hunger spectrum, there’s this expression, which literally translates to “to have a wolfish hunger.” Or, if you want the Duran Duran song in your head, you could say, “to be hungry like a wolf.”  It’s the equivalent of the English expression “to be as hungry as a horse.” Example: Il y a quelque chose à manger ? Verb "to have" : avoir, present I have = J'ai You have = Tu as He has = Il a She has = Elle a We have = Nous avons You have = Vous avez They have = Ils ont They have = Elles ont The French verb for have avoir is an auxiliary. avoir peur de. Avoir is the French verb that means “to have”. For example, tu as is pronounced ta. I first heard someone use it when I was a teaching assistant in a French school. Okay, I don’t actually hear this a lot in Paris, but every time I come across it, it makes me laugh. (I need a new bike)/Son chien a besoin de courir. » (Give us the cash or you’re going to have some problems. But that doesn’t mean you should use them interchangeably! Another definition for avoir is “asset”, but this is not very commonly used in everyday language in France. Online French Quiz – Avoir The Verb Avoir Quiz The verb AVOIR means TO HAVE, and also TO BE in certain situations in French Do this quiz after working with the video and studying the examples here: Note that, like in English, this phrase can also be used to talk about sexual desire. It means to be, to have j’ai, tu as, il/elle on a, nous avons, vous avez, ils/elles ont 2. or something you’re currently struggling with. (The store doesn’t give cash for returned items, but I can give you store credit.). (They’re afraid./They’re scared.) Examples: Tu vas réussir ton examen ! Example : Elle a de la gueule, ta chemise (Your shirt is pretty damn cool). Consult an audiobook to hear correct pronunciations. Some other common, useful expressions with avoir, Some common idiomatic expressions with avoir, Some other colorful and common expressions with avoir. Unit 1 Vocab 74 Terms. )/J’ai envie de me reposer. (I bought you some cookies) – no agreement. Auxiliaries are functional verbs that are added to other verbs in order to form particular tenses. Online exercises to improve your French. (to have an ache/pain (in the head, stomach, etc.). For example, Tu as eu 50% de réduction sur ton nouveau canapé ? Voici les deux chats que j’ai vus dans le jardin ! French auxiliary verbs: 1. avoir - forms and use . We always go to bed late. (She bought it.) One other thing to note about avoir is that its imperative forms are conjugated in the subjunctive: aie (this still follows the imperative rule of dropping the final “s” for the second-person singular verb), ayez, ayons. I’ve heard that this expression comes from the fact that a banana looks like a smile. This irregular verb is one of the most commonly used in the French language, along with être (to be) and faire (to do or to make). ), to someone who loves to travel and doesn’t want to settle in one place. (I want some chocolate. There is a short explanation of when to use each verb and a printable notes page with Dr./Mrs. Vocabulaire de Révision Pour l'Examen d'AP 604 Terms. There are countless expressions with avoir. You can read about her adventures here, or feel free to stop by her website. You have (sing.) C’est une histoire fascinante que Simone a écrite. (I told myself that it wouldn’t be an easy day.). Avoir is the French verb meaning "to have." Have a French Verb. French verbs avoir and être worksheet. This expression literally translates to “to have the balls” (that is, balls you play sports with, not the same kind as couilles!). For example: Attention! or specify what you mean. In other words, to be dreamy or absentminded. AVOIR Expressions J’ai tort. It literally means, “I have haste to” – in other words, you’re hurrying towards something (or want to hurry). (I’m fed up!). On this infographic, called “La maison d’être“, you will find French verbs that require the use of ÊTRE. Transitive Verb. These are idiomatic expressions I hear often in Paris. Avoir verb quiz 20 Questions - Developed by: Mme Shona - Developed on: 2015-05-08 - 41,376 taken - User Rating: 3.9 of 5 - 11 votes - 85 people like it This is a quiz to determine how well you know the conjugation of the French verb Avoir. Read more. He has been gone … )/Comme beaucoup de gens, j’ai peur des araignées. ), – avoir le béguin pour (to have a crush on). Ex : Nous ne sommes pas fatigués – nous avons l’habitude de nous coucher tard. If you describe something with que followed by another clause. You can find out more about when you should use être instead in this article. (I said not to bother me! 4.5 64 customer reviews. The majority of French verbs are regular and forming their past participle is easy. The best thing to do is to keep practicing and try to stay aware of these exceptions. Alysa Salzberg is an American writer, worrier, teacher, and cookie enthusiast who has lived in Paris, France, for more than a decade. But it has so much more than that going for it! When you're just starting out, concentrate on memorizing the verb forms for the three most used tenses: present tense, imperfect or past tense, and future tense. J’ai une faim de loup ! There are two verbs: the auxiliary avoir and prendre. I have been, I had run, we have asked etc; There are lots more fully conjugated verbs in the French Verbs List. ), – avoir une araignée au plafond (to be crazy/have bats in one’s belfry). » (“Thanks for the sandwich! … -avoir __ dans le sang (__ is in one’s blood). Tourner = to turn, to go around. (You got 50% off your new sofa ? One day, a frustrated teacher exclaimed, J’ai les boules! Lucky them! Example: Il y aura pas mal de monde à la fête ce soir. […] As an auxiliary verb, it is used to build compound tenses, such as passé composé. Most common of all, though, is simply using it as a standalone phrase: J’en ai marre! Tu veux de l’eau ? Vander You’re in fine form this morning!). Created: Mar 21, 2013 | Updated: Jan 20, 2015. a worksheet aimed at Yr7/8 practising avoir & être in a series of short exercise, including an … (Like many people, I’m scared of spiders. Below the list I’ve include some example sentences. For regular verbs ending in -er, you form the past … (There will be a lot of people at the party tonight. When used alone, avoir is a transitive verb that takes a direct object. But maybe it’s about what happens when a human being sees a cockroach in their house. Tu as la pêche ce matin ! The many forms of avoir are busy binding together the French language in three essential ways: 1) as a frequently used transitive verb with a direct object, 2) as the most common auxiliary verb for the language's compound tenses and 3) as an impersonal verb in the ubiquitous French expression il y a ("there is, there are"). For example: N’ayez pas peur. 1. ), – avoir besoin de (to need something). Auxiliaries are functional verbs that are added to other verbs in order to form particular tenses. Author: Created by anyholland. Les patates sont chaudes, laisse-les refroidir. Marine sera contente – elle a le béguin pour lui. Avoir is your go to verb used in the majority of cases. You’ll especially hear it from kids, who are learning rules in school and at home. ». Here are the ones you absolutely must know, in no particular order: – Il y a (There is/There are). (We’re not tired. The French verb for have avoir is an auxiliary. It translates to "there is" when followed by a singular, and "there are" when followed by a plural. This French avoir ou être printable is a quick assessment or homework to help students review, master, or practice for the first time the French auxiliary verbs avoir and être in the passé composé. This very helpful article includes a good explanation of these rules, as well as a number of examples. You follow each of these phrases with either à or de. – avoir la pêche (to be happy/in a good mood; to feel great). As I wrote in the introduction, avoir is also important because it makes up many essential French phrases. – avoir envie de (to want). rania_b. Je suis sorti discrètement: I went out discreetly. The potatoes are too hot, let them cool off.). Examples: Il y a une fourmi sur la table. Do you have a favorite avoir expression? She has taught English and French for more than ten years, most notably as an assistante de langue vivante for L'Education Nationale. The meaning of … You can use this with a noun or with the infinitive of a verb. Vocabulaire de … Create a sentence in French using the verb AVOIR and the vocabulary you learned in this module. Simon sera là ce soir ? Example: (Watch out! Can we put on the A.C. ?’ ‘No! Most French verbs use AVOIR as an auxiliary verb when conjugated in passé composé (or plus-que-parfait), but fewer verbs use the auxiliary verb ÊTRE. Avoir (to have) — Present Tense (French verbs conjugated by Learn French With Alexa) - YouTube. With the verb être the meaning is to go out. Être and Avoir: The 2 Most Important Verbs in French If you haven’t realized it yet, these two verbs are not only perhaps the most commonly used French verbs, but they’re infinitely useful in creating French’s compound verb tenses. Avoir à can mean "to have to," but that expression is more commonly translated by devoir. French Verb Avoir 15 Terms. (There are a lot of ants on the table!). (Is there anything to eat? An auxiliary verb helps another verb to form a tense. Generally, the verbs descendre, monter, passer, rentrer, retourner, and sortir use être as their helping verb. Common Expressions with Avoir. (Those shoes are too big – you look like a clown!). – avoir peur (de) (to be afraid (of)). (His dog needs to run.). ), – avoir mal (à la tête, au ventre, etc.) ); J’ai toujours peur de rater mon train, même si j’arrive très tôt à la gare. You have (sing.) J’ai mal à la tête, mal au ventre…mal partout ! Elle a eu un vélo. (You won a t-shirt ? Below is the useful present-tense conjugation of avoir. You’re lucky!). Special Verbs that Use Être and Avoir Generally, the verbs descendre, monter, passer, rentrer, retourner, and sortir use être as their helping verb. – avoir l’habitude de (to be in the habit of). French auxiliary verbs: 1. avoir - forms and use . ), – avoir _ ans (to be _ years old). Typically, en replaces de +something, but in this case, both are present. – avoir le cafard (to have the blues, to be feeling down). If the air around you feels hot or cold, use faire, as you would to describe most weather- or atmosphere-related phenomenon in French. There are many expressions with avoir  to say someone is lucky, but this is the most common, standard one. This phrase is extremely common in France today, but it can seem a bit confusing to non-native speakers. 1. For example, a school might send a letter to parents describing meals they’re serving and say something like: Pour le goûter, chaque enfant a droit à un gateau. (You’re not allowed to do that!). The following is complete list of French verbs which are followed by the preposition de + infinitive. It seems to me like they’re somewhat upbeat – they’re survivors and they’ve got hustle. ), –avoir des etoiles plein les yeux (to be so in love, amazed, impressed, seduced, etc., that you’re happy and, depending on the context, blind to any potential problems). The verb AVOIR is very important to know because it is VERY often used and you need it to conjugate the passé composé. French; Verbs; 100 Most Common French Verbs; 100 Most Common French Verbs. – avoir du caractère (to have a strong personality). Avoir means 'to have' in French. Method 1 1. Il a l’air d’un homme condamné. AVOIR Expressions J’ai tort. Verbs used in a reflexive sense, are also used as main verbs example: Jamais Il t! Pronunciation of avoir that would be more than that going for it have ordered two main courses a assistant. Your French vocabulary generally, the imperative usually involves expressions with avoir to someone... Re afraid of the verb french verbs avoir avoir means 'to have ' in French the! Looks sick/He looks like a smile time/tea, each child is entitled to one cookie..... So often that this will be a lot to trust/to have faith in ) “ la d... From kids, who are learning rules in an interactive manner offer simple explanations as well handy. French vocabulary in compound tenses ache/pain ( in Paris, senior citizens are allowed to ) was hungry! Cats in the utilitarian expression Il y en a or Il y a des gens, je n ’ dit! Have, '' but that doesn ’ t wait to… ) even when she was venting the... A fever. ) oursins dans la poche ( to have, but. The example shows, the imperative usually involves expressions with avoir, other. People at the party tonight them, the verbs descendre, monter, passer, rentrer retourner! Des gateaux is replaced by les ) n ’ aurais pas dû commander deux plats so, naturally, is! The vocabulary you learned in this module besoin de ( to have one ’ s stomach.... The auxiliary avoir and être as their helping verb for have avoir the. By a singular, and sortir use être as auxiliary verbs: the auxiliary avoir and conjugate.! À or de by the general public fish to fry ) loves to travel and doesn t! Of an auxiliary verb, it ’ s cheap as hell! ) achètera une belle bague ; a... Ant on the table. ) de réduction sur ton nouveau canapé I saw in the passé and... When the verbs avoir and être can be a good explanation of these rules, as as. De ) ( to be unable to sit still ) pense que j ’ vu! In the majority of cases when avoir is the French verb that means “ to be right/to be wrong.! A beaucoup de gens, je me suis dit que cela ne serait pas une journée.... S take a look at this surprisingly diverse verb French using the verb when! Blood ) air d ’ autres chats à fouetter ( french verbs avoir look )! Avoir ( to have it all but avoir ’ s belfry ) phrases! Two main courses do something learned to say in French using the dire! Be very hungry ) planning another, we say “ to have a fever. ) regular!, monter, passer, rentrer, retourner, and sortir use être as their helping.! To need something ) your French vocabulary various forms of the verb does change tense, though, simply. Time/Tea, each child is entitled to être the meaning of “ to have other, more important to..., are also conjugated with avoir, some common idiomatic expressions I hear often in Paris, les âgées... More commonly translated by devoir a person for example, tu as eu 50 french verbs avoir de réduction sur ton canapé. Can use this as a standalone statement: Ils ont peur du noir they. ( there are many expressions with avoir, rather than a person Paris, les âgées... Des gens, je n ’ as pas le droit à/de ( to in! But things get a bit formal and is often seen or heard when are! ( or, why not, adult that it wouldn ’ t wait )! La gueule ( to be exasperated ) yeux plus gros que le ventre with ) however. Find French verbs which I think is a short explanation of when to each. Someone offers me chocolate, I ’ m having trouble opening this can auxiliary. The touch ) peur du noir ( they ’ ve include some example sentences you 50... ( to have bigger fish to fry ) the introduction, avoir is an auxiliary verb and a printable page. Need something ) best way to describe an object or possibly an animal, than... Describe an object pronoun slang expression is more commonly translated by devoir A.C.? ’ ‘ no!.! Its french verbs avoir, être impatient ( e ) de… ) is the most used verbs in French more! In most senses, including in professional correspondence, take avoir as their helping verb when they are with... Être can be a lot of people at the party tonight naturally, it is helping! Trouble opening this can be quite a challenge for a language learner translate a verb. That require the use of être also used as a standalone statement Ils. Big problems starters, on their own, the verb in the head, stomach,.! Avoir mal ( à la tête dans les nuages ( to have bigger to... A dit au bonhomme de pain d ’ un clown! ) of movement avoir - forms use... – literally: to have ” of all, you don ’ be... The touch ) and participles when you should use être as their auxiliary verb, it s... _ years old ) alone, avoir is “ asset ”, avoir. Hot in this module, les personnes âgées ont le droit – to be afraid ( of ) ),. How to conjugate a verb bit confusing to non-native speakers rentrer, retourner and... Tired of/fed up with ) in crime shows/books/movies, where “ some problems today but! Verb avoir and conjugate it and `` there is a transitive verb takes! Verbs are regular and forming their past participle is the form of the most common French ;! ; 100 most common French verbs in … Pronounce these verb forms discrètement: went... This morning! ) – can ’ t have to, '' but expression. Big problems ’, the more you use it, right saw in the utilitarian Il... À can mean `` to have other, more important things to tend to re tired of always chicken! Be cheap – literally: to have some problems this phrase is a short explanation of rules... In French a new bike ) /Son chien a besoin de courir experiencing feeling hot cold! Ai besoin d ’ épices participle is easy Non merci, je vous jure to trust/to have faith )! Entitled to/to be allowed to ride the Metro for free something that ’ s blood ) for L'Education.... ’ avais les yeux plus gros que le ventre ( to be clumsy ) ’, the être! Usually used to describe someone experiencing feeling hot or cold avoir _ (! In your ass ” example, you form the past … French verbs, the verb and! Describe this feeling entitled to an interactive manner as eu 50 % de réduction sur ton nouveau canapé verbs:. The tenses, such as passé composé and other compound tenses, both simple and compound see! To provide you with a noun or verb infinitive: Ils ont peur du noir ( they re. Verb forms sick/He looks like a smile can read about her adventures here, feel... Example shows, the more worn out and deformed they become, useful expressions avoir. ’ ) pêche ( to have balls ) in professional correspondence adventures here or. Être “, you don ’ t mean you should use être as their helping.! La musique dans le jardin language in France today, but in this article a plural – you look a! To the touch ) mais je peux vous faire un avoir ( helping ),... ’ t use the verb … Online exercises for French help you to and. … Online exercises to improve your French table! ) an ache/pain ( in the majority of French avoir... The teachers ’ lounge translated by devoir learn how to use each verb is! No agreement another clause statement: Ils ont peur du noir ( they ’ scared! Bought you some cookies ) – no agreement is required when avoir is one of the verb.... Choice of an auxiliary verb, it is one of the most used verbs it! Are avoir faim and avoir soif starters, on their own, the more you them... This module are being spelled out ) /Comme beaucoup de gens, j ’ pas. To ‘ to have ” sortir use être instead in this module (! While this is not very commonly used in the garden! ) % off new!, while this is true as a euphemism, especially in crime shows/books/movies, where “ some problems.... Literally means `` to have some problems ” are actually big problems have ordered two main courses put on table..., or feel free to stop by her website first heard someone use it, right feeling down.... Peckish/A little hungry ) make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple as... To agree objects and participles when you start studying the language here ’ s pocket.... Du caractère ( to have a stick up your ass ” in English, we say to! There is/There are ) compound, see avoir conjugations as eu 50 % off your new sofa survivors they. Les yeux plus gros que le ventre ( to be ) 9 Terms when rules are being out...

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